Suicide Statistics

2020 USA General Statistics

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Graphic representation of general statistics

A 3.4% rate decrease was seen from 2019 to 2020 (a 2% decrease was observed from 2018 to 2019).

In 2020, 45,979 Americans died by suicide.

Suicide is the 12th leading cause of death in the U.S.

Every day, approximately 125 Americans die by suicide.

There is one suicide death in the US every 11.5 minutes.

Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year old Americans.

The highest suicide rates (per 100,000) in the US are among white males (25.4), followed by Native American/Alaska Natives (14.6), and Black males (12.6).

There is one suicide death for every estimated 25 suicide attempts.

There are approximately 1,149,475 annual attempts in the U.S. (using 25:1 ratio) or one attempt every 27.5 seconds

SAVE provides free use of national suicide statistics as soon as they become available from the National Center for Health Statistics as compiled by Drs McIntosh and Drapeau. See the bottom of this page for additional detailed data sheets.

Global Statistics

For more information on suicide stats by region and country visit the World Health Statistics Data Visualizations Dashboard.

Nearly 800,000 people die by suicide in the world each year, which is roughly one death every 40 seconds.

Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death in the world for those aged 15-24 years.

Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide.

By Gender

SAVE recognizes the following data is non inclusive of all genders.

One male dies by suicide every 14.4 minutes in the U.S.

There are 3.9 male deaths by suicide for each female death by suicide.

Firearm suicides are the most common among males and females (SPRC 2019).

One female dies by suicide every 55.9 minutes in the U.S.

There are three female attempts for each male attempt.

Poisoning is the most common method of suicide for females.

By Age

Older adults made up 16.9% of 2020 population, but 19.9% of suicides.

Middle Aged people made up 25.1% of the 2019 population, but were 31.3% of suicides.

 

 

Young people made up 12.9% of 2020 population and 13.2% of suicides.

Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year old Americans.

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual kids are three times more likely than straight kids to attempt suicide at some point in their lives (di Giacomo et al. 2018).

Medically serious attempts at suicide are four times more likely among LGBTQ youth than other young people (CDC).

African American, Latino, Native American, and Asian American people who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual attempt suicide at especially high rates (National Strategy for Suicide Prevention, Appendix D).

41% of trans adults said they had attempted suicide, in one study. The same study found that 61% of trans people who were victims of physical assault had attempted suicide (National Transgender Discrimination Survey).

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual young people who come from families that reject or do not accept them are over eight times more likely to attempt suicide than those whose families accept them (Pediatrics (Vol. 123, No. 1)).

Each time an LGBTQ person is a victim of physical or verbal harassment or abuse, they become 2.5 times more likely to hurt themselves (National Transgender Discrimination Survey).

Rate of Suicide by Race/Ethnicity

 

In 2020, the highest rates were among whites (15.7 per 100,000).

The second highest rate in 2020 was among American Indian/Alaska Native (14.6 per 100,000).

From 2019, suicide rates increased slightly for Blacks (from 7.04 to 7.5).

Suicide rates increased slightly for American Indian/Alaska Natives by .96 from 2019 (13.64 to 14.6).

Suicide rates for Hispanic/Latinos remained 7.5 per 100,000 in 2020 from 2019.

Depression Statistics

Only half of all Americans experiencing an episode of major depression receive treatment. (NAMI)

80% -90% of people that seek treatment for depression are treated successfully using therapy and/or medication. (TADS study)

Females experience depression at roughly two times the rate of men.(Mayo Clinic)

An estimated 275,000 each year become suicide survivors (SAVE).

Depression affects 20-25% of Americans ages 18+ in a given year (CDC).

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